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Human Rights Regionally: International Indigenous Rights

For anyone looking for more specific human rights resources based on location.

Research Guides


History in the UN

The UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, UNDRIP

Adopted in 2007, the UNDRIP recognizes the wide range of basic human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous peoples such as the right to unrestricted self-determination and inalienable and collective land and resource right. It also establishes guarantees against ethnocide and genocide.

ILO Convention No. 169 on Indigenous Peoples

Adopted in 1989, it reflects changes in the position of indigenous and tribal populations and a greater understanding of their position by governments, employers, and workers.

ILO Convention No. 107 of 1957 concerning Indigenous and Tribal Populations
In 1957, the ILO adopted convention 107 to be applied to indigenous and tribal populations in independent countries and aimed at protecting these peoples against abuses. In 1989, the revised version; ILO Convention 169 was adopted

Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues
The Permanent Forum is an advisory body to the Economic and Social Council. It discusses indigenous issues related to economic and social development, culture, the environment, education, health, and human rights. The UNPFII website provides information on Forum members, meetings, and actions, as well as links to U.N. documents related to indigenous peoples.

Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of Indigenous Peoples
The Special Rapporteur promotes good practices, laws, government programs, and constructive agreements between indigenous peoples and States to implement international standards concerning the rights of indigenous peoples, reports on the overall human rights situations of indigenous peoples in selected countries, addresses specific cases of alleged violations of the rights of indigenous peoples, and contributes to thematic studies on topics of special importance regarding the promotion and protection of the rights of indigenous peoples.